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    Pakistan Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

      Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N, 70 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area:
      total: 803,940 sq km
      land: 778,720 sq km
      water: 25,220 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 6,774 km
      border countries: Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

      Coastline: 1,046 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

      Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

      Natural resources: land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 5%
      other: 61% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 171,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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