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    Cambodia Economy 2000

      Economy - overview: After four years of solid macroeconomic performance, Cambodia's economy slowed dramatically in 1997-98 due to the regional economic crisis, civil violence, and political infighting. Foreign investment and tourism fell off. Also, in 1998 the main harvest was hit by drought. But in 1999, the first full year of peace in 30 years, progress was made on economic reforms and growth resumed at 4%. The long-term development of the economy after decades of war remains a daunting challenge. The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the poverty-ridden countryside, which suffers from an almost total lack of basic infrastructure. Recurring political instability and corruption within government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid. On the brighter side, the government is addressing these issues with assistance from bilateral and multilateral donors. So long as political stability lasts, the Cambodian economy is likely to grow at a respectable pace.

      GDP: purchasing power parity - $8.2 billion (1999 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)

      GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $710 (1999 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 43%
      industry: 20%
      services: 37% (1998 est.)

      Population below poverty line: 36% (1997 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.5% (1999 est.)

      Labor force: 6 million (1998 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 80% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate: 2.8% (1999 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $327 million
      expenditures: $393 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

      Industries: garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

      Industrial production growth rate: NA%

      Electricity - production: 210 million kWh (1998)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 59.52%
      hydro: 40.48%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricity - consumption: 195 million kWh (1998)

      Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agriculture - products: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables

      Exports: $821 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exports - commodities: timber, garments, rubber, rice, fish

      Exports - partners: US, Singapore, Japan, Thailand, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, US

      Imports: $1.2 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Imports - commodities: cigarettes, gold, construction materials, petroleum products, machinery, motor vehicles

      Imports - partners: Singapore, Vietnam, Japan, Australia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Thailand

      Debt - external: $829 million (1999 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient: $470 million pledged in grants and concessional loans for 2000 by international donors

      Currency: 1 new riel (CR) = 100 sen

      Exchange rates: new riels (CR) per US$1 - 3,786.0 (January 2000), 3,807.8 (1999), 3,744.4 (1998), 2,946.3 (1997), 2,624.1 (1996), 2,450.8 (1995)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
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