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    Burma Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

      Geographic coordinates: 22 00 N, 98 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      Area:
      total: 678,500 sq km
      land: 657,740 sq km
      water: 20,760 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,876 km
      border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand 1,800 km

      Coastline: 1,930 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

      Terrain: central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 m
      highest point: Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 15%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 49%
      other: 34% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10,680 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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