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    Argentina Geography 2000

      Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

      Geographic coordinates: 34 00 S, 64 00 W

      Map references: South America

      Area:
      total: 2,766,890 sq km
      land: 2,736,690 sq km
      water: 30,200 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

      Land boundaries:
      total: 9,665 km
      border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

      Coastline: 4,989 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

      Terrain: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Salinas Chicas -40 m (located on Peninsula Valdes)
      highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m

      Natural resources: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

      Land use:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 52%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 17,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding

      Environment - current issues: environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
      note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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