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Saint Pierre and Miquelon (territorial collectivity of France) Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
    conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
    local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
    local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

    Data code: SB

    Dependency status: self-governing territorial collectivity of France

    Government type: NA

    Capital: Saint-Pierre

    Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)
    note: there are no first-order administrative divisions approved by the US Government, but there are two communes—Saint Pierre, Miquelon

    Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

    National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

    Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

    Legal system: French law with special adaptations for local conditions, such as housing and taxation

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Remi THUAU (since NA)
    head of government: President of the General Council Bernard LE SOAVEC (since NA 1996)
    cabinet: NA
    elections: French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council

    Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats—15 from Saint Pierre and 4 from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
    elections: elections last held 20 March 1994 (next to be held NA April 2000)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—RPR 15, other 4
    note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect 1 seat to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); results—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—RPR 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects 1 seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—UDF 1

    Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel

    Political parties and leaders: Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR [leader NA]; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA]

    International organization participation: FZ, WFTU

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territorial collectivity of France)

    Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territorial collectivity of France)

    Flag description: a yellow sailing ship rides on a dark blue background with a black wave line under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the square into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one on top of the other; the flag of France is used for official occasions

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)