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Paraguay Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Paraguay
    conventional short form: Paraguay
    local long form: Republica del Paraguay
    local short form: Paraguay

    Data code: PA

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Asuncion

    Administrative divisions: 18 departments (departamentos, singular—departamento); Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro

    Independence: 14 May 1811 (from Spain)

    National holiday: Independence Days, 14-15 May (1811)

    Constitution: promulgated 20 June 1992

    Legal system: based on Argentine codes, Roman law, and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court of Justice; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 60

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Luis GONZALEZ Macchi (since 28 March 1999); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Luis GONZALEZ Macchi (since 28 March 1999); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the president
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 10 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003)
    election results: Raul CUBAS Grau elected president; percent of vote—55.3%; resigned 28 March 1999
    note: President Luis GONZALEZ Macchi, formerly president of the Chamber of Senators, constitutionally succeeded President Raul CUBAS Grau, who resigned following the assassination of Vice President Luis Maria ARGANA; the successor to ARGANA will be decided in an election to be held in late 1999

    Legislative branch: bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: Chamber of Senators—last held 10 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003); Chamber of Deputies—last held 10 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2003)
    election results: Chamber of Senators—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—Colorado Party 24, PLRA/PEN 20, other 1; Chamber of Deputies—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—Colorado Party 45, PLRA/PEN 35

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia), judges appointed on the proposal of the Counsel of Magistrates (Consejo de la Magistratura)

    Political parties and leaders: National Republican Association—Colorado Party [acting president Bader RACHID LICHI]; Authentic Radical Liberal Party or PLRA [Domingo LAINO]; National Encounter or PEN [Carlos FILIZZOLA]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Miguel MONTANER]; Febrerista Revolutionary Party or PRF [Carlos Maria LJUBETIC]

    Political pressure groups and leaders: Unitary Workers Central or CUT; Roman Catholic Church; National Workers Central or CNT; Paraguayan Workers Confederation or CPT

    International organization participation: CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
    chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960 through 6962
    FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508
    consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Maura A. HARTY
    embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion
    mailing address: Unit 4711, APO AA 34036-0001
    telephone: [595] (21) 213-715
    FAX: [595] (21) 213-728

    Flag description: three equal, horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue with an emblem centered in the white band; unusual flag in that the emblem is different on each side; the obverse (hoist side at the left) bears the national coat of arms (a yellow five-pointed star within a green wreath capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles); the reverse (hoist side at the right) bears the seal of the treasury (a yellow lion below a red Cap of Liberty and the words Paz y Justicia (Peace and Justice) capped by the words REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY, all within two circles)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)