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Liechtenstein Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Principality of Liechtenstein
    conventional short form: Liechtenstein
    local long form: Fuerstentum Liechtenstein
    local short form: Liechtenstein

    Data code: LS

    Government type: hereditary constitutional monarchy

    Capital: Vaduz

    Administrative divisions: 11 communes (Gemeinden, singular—Gemeinde); Balzers, Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren, Planken, Ruggell, Schaan, Schellenberg, Triesen, Triesenberg, Vaduz

    Independence: 23 January 1719 (Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established)

    National holiday: Assumption Day, 15 August

    Constitution: 5 October 1921

    Legal system: local civil and penal codes; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Prince Hans ADAM II (since 13 November 1989, assumed executive powers 26 August 1984); Heir Apparent Prince ALOIS von und zu Liechtenstein, son of the monarch (born 11 June 1968)
    head of government: Head of Government Mario FRICK (since 15 December 1993) and Deputy Head of Government Michael RITTER (since 2 February 1997)
    cabinet: Cabinet elected by the Diet; confirmed by the monarch
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party in the Diet is usually appointed the head of government by the monarch and the leader of the largest minority party in the Diet is usually appointed the deputy head of government by the monarch

    Legislative branch: unicameral Diet or Landtag (25 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote under proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held on 2 February 1997 (next to be held by NA 2001)
    election results: percent of vote by party—VU 50.1%, FBPL 41.3%, FL 8.5%; seats by party - VU 13, FBPL 10, FL 2

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Superior Court or Obergericht

    Political parties and leaders: Fatherland Union or VU [Dr. Oswald KRANZ]; Progressive Citizens' Party or FBPL [Norbert SEEGER]; The Free List or FL [Paul VOGT]

    International organization participation: CE, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, IAEA, ICRM, IFRCS, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WCL, WIPO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US: Liechtenstein does not have an embassy in the US, but is represented by the Swiss embassy in routine diplomatic matters

    Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Liechtenstein, but the US Ambassador to Switzerland is also accredited to Liechtenstein

    Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)