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Gaza Strip Geography

    Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

    Geographic coordinates: 31 25 N, 34 20 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 360 sq km
    land: 360 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries:
    total: 62 km
    border countries: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

    Coastline: 40 km

    Maritime claims: Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement—permanent status to be determined through further negotiation

    Climate: temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

    Terrain: flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda) 105 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 24%
    permanent crops: 39%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 11%
    other: 26% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 120 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: there are 24 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Gaza Strip (August 1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)