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Ecuador Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Ecuador
    conventional short form: Ecuador
    local long form: Republica del Ecuador
    local short form: Ecuador

    Data code: EC

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Quito

    Administrative divisions: 21 provinces (provincias, singular—provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe
    note: a new province, Orellana, was reported to have been formed in 1998

    Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 10 August (1809) (independence of Quito)

    Constitution: 10 August 1998

    Legal system: based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal, compulsory for literate persons ages 18-65, optional for other eligible voters

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Jamil MAHUAD (since 10 August 1998); Vice President Gustavo NOBOA (since 10 August 1998); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Jamil MAHUAD (since 10 August 1998); Vice President Gustavo NOBOA (since 10 August 1998); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 31 May 1998; runoff election held 12 July 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
    election results: Jamil MAHUAD elected president; percent of vote—51%

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (121 seats; 79 members are popularly elected at-large nationally to serve four-year terms; 42 members are popularly elected by province—two per province—for four-year terms)
    elections: last held 31 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2002)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—DP 32, PSC 27, PRE 24, ID 18, P-NP 9, FRA 5, PCE 3, MPD 2, CFP 1; note—defections by members of National Congress are commonplace, resulting in frequent changes in the numbers of seats held by the various parties

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema), new justices are elected by the full Supreme Court

    Political parties and leaders:
    Center-Right parties: Social Christian Party or PSC [Jaime NEBOT Saadi, president]; Ecuadorian Conservative Party or PCE [Freddy BRAVO]
    Center-Left parties: Democratic Left or ID [Rodrigo BORJA Cevallos]; Popular Democracy or DP [Jamil MAHUAD]; Radical Alfarista Front or FRA [Fabian ALARCON, director]
    Populist-Left parties: Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]
    Populist parties: Concentration of Popular Forces or CFP [Averroes BUCARAM]; Pachakutik-New Country or P-NP [Nina PACARI and Freddy EHLERS]
    Far-Left parties: Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [Jaime HURTADO Gonzalez]

    International organization participation: CAN, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Ivonne A-BAKI
    chancery: 2535 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-7200
    FAX: [1] (202) 667-3482
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, Newark, Philadelphia, and San Francisco

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Leslie M. ALEXANDER
    embassy: Avenida 12 de Octubre y Avenida Patria, Quito
    mailing address: APO AA 34039
    telephone: [593] (2) 562-890
    FAX: [593] (2) 502-052
    consulate(s) general: Guayaquil

    Flag description: three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia that is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)