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Bolivia Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Bolivia
    conventional short form: Bolivia
    local long form: Republica de Bolivia
    local short form: Bolivia

    Data code: BL

    Government type: republic

    Capital: La Paz (seat of government); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary)

    Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departamentos, singular—departamento); Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija

    Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 6 August (1825)

    Constitution: 2 February 1967; revised in August 1994

    Legal system: based on Spanish law and Napoleonic Code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory (married); 21 years of age, universal and compulsory (single)

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Hugo BANZER Suarez (since 6 August 1997); Vice President Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez (since 6 August 1997); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Hugo BANZER Suarez (since 6 August 1997); Vice President Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez (since 6 August 1997); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from a panel of candidates proposed by the Senate
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 1 June 1997 (next to be held June 2002)
    election results: Hugo BANZER Suarez elected president; percent of vote—Hugo BANZER Suarez (ADN) 22%; Jaime PAZ Zamora (MIR) 17%, Juan Carlos DURAN (MNR) 18%, Ivo KULJIS (UCS) 16%, Remedios LOZA (CONDEPA) 17%; no candidate received a majority of the popular vote; Hugo BANZER Suarez won a congressional runoff election on 5 August 1997 after forming a "megacoalition" with MIR, UCS, CONDEPA, NFR and PDC

    Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (27 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (130 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies—last held 1 June 1997 (next to be held June 2002)
    election results: Chamber of Senators—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—ADN 11, MIR 7, MNR 4, CONDEPA 3, UCS 2; Chamber of Deputies—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—ADN 32, MNR 26, MIR 23, UCS 21, CONDEPA 19, MBL 5, IU 4

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema), judges appointed for a 10-year term by National Congress

    Political parties and leaders:
    Left Parties: Free Bolivia Movement or MBL [Antonio ARANIBAR]; Patriotic Axis of Convergence or EJE-P [Ramiro BARRANECHEA]; April 9 Revolutionary Vanguard or VR-9 [Carlos SERRATE]; Alternative of Democratic Socialism or ASD [Jerjes JUSTINIANO]; Revolutionary Front of the Left or FRI [Oscar ZAMORA]; Bolivian Communist Party or PCB [Marcos DOMIC]; United Left or IU [Marcos DOMIC]; Front of National Salvation or FSN [Manual MORALES Davila]; Socialist Party One or PS-1 [leader NA]; Bolivian Socialist Falange or FSB [leader NA]; Socialist Unzaguista Movement or MAS [leader NA]
    Center-Left Parties: Movement of the Revolutionary Left or MIR [Oscar EID]; Christian Democrat or PDC [Benjamin MIGUEL]; New Youth Force [Alfonso SAAVEDRA Bruno]
    Center Party: Nationalist Revolutionary Movement or MNR [Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA]
    Center-Right Parties: Nationalist Democratic Action or ADN [Enrique TORO]; New Republican Force or NFR [Manfred REYES VILLA]
    Populist Parties: Civic Solidarity Union or UCS [Johnny FERNANDEZ]; Conscience of the Fatherland or CONDEPA [Remedios LOZA Alvarado]; Solidarity and Democracy or SYD [leader NA]; Unity and Progress Movement or MUP [Ivo KULJIS]; Popular Patriotic Movement or MPP [Julio MANTILLA]
    Evangelical Party: Bolivian Renovating Alliance or ARBOL [Marcelo FERNANDEZ, Hugo VILLEGAS]
    Indigenous Parties: Tupac Katari Revolutionary Liberation Movement or MRTK-L [Victor Hugo CARDENAS Conde]; Nationalist Katarista Movement or MKN [Fernando UNTOJA]; Front of Katarista Unity or FULKA [Genaro FLORES]; Katarismo National Unity or KND [Filepe KITTELSON]

    International organization participation: CAN, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Marcelo PEREZ Monasterios
    chancery: 3014 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 483-4410
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-3712
    consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, Miami, New York, and San Francisco

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Donna Jean HRINAK
    embassy: Avenida Arce 2780, San Jorge, La Paz
    mailing address: P. O. Box 425, La Paz; APO AA 34032
    telephone: [591] (2) 430251
    FAX: [591] (2) 433900

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; similar to the flag of Ghana, which has a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)