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Togo Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Togolese Republic
    conventional short form: Togo
    local long form: Republique Togolaise
    local short form: none
    former: French Togo

    Data code: TO

    Government type: republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

    Capital: Lome

    Administrative divisions: 5 regions (regions, singular—region); De La Kara, Des Plateaux, Des Savanes, Du Centre, Maritime

    Independence: 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 27 April (1960)

    Constitution: multiparty draft constitution approved by High Council of the Republic 1 July 1992; adopted by public referendum 27 September 1992

    Legal system: French-based court system

    Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA (since 14 April 1967)
    head of government: Prime Minister Kwassi KLUTSE (since August 1996)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president and the prime minister
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1998 (next to be held NA 2003); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: Gnassingbe EYADEMA reelected president; percent of vote—Gnassingbe EYADEMA 52.13%

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 6 and 20 February 1994 (next to be held NA February 1999)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—CAR 36, RPT 35, UTD 7, UJD 2, CFN 1
    note: as a result of defections from the CAR to the RPT and the merging of the UJD with the RPT, representation in the National Assembly in August 1997 was RPT 42, CAR 32, UTD 5, CFN 1, independent 1

    Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

    Political parties and leaders: Rally of the Togolese People or RPT [President Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA]; Coordination des Forces Nouvelles or CFN [Joseph KOFFIGOH]; Togolese Union for Democracy or UTD [Edem KODJO]; Action Committee for Renewal or CAR [Yao AGBOYIBOR]; Union for Democracy and Solidarity or UDS [Antoine FOLLY]; Pan-African Sociodemocrats Group or GSP, an alliance of three radical parties: CDPA, PDR, and PSP [leader NA]; Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA [Leopold GNININVI]; Party for Democracy and Renewal or PDR [Zarifou AYEVA]; Pan-African Social Party or PSP [Francis AGBAGLI]; Union of Forces for Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO (in exile), Jeane-Pierre FABRE, general secretary in Togo]; Union of Justice and Democracy or UJD [Lal TAXPANDJAN]
    note: Rally of the Togolese People or RPT, led by President EYADEMA, was the only party until the formation of multiple parties was legalized 12 April 1991

    International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MINURCA, MINURSO, MIPONUH, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Akosita FINEANGANOFO
    chancery: 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-4212
    FAX: [1] (202) 232-3190

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Brenda Brown SCHOONOVER
    embassy: Rue Pelletier Caventou and Rue Vauban, Lome
    mailing address: B. P. 852, Lome
    telephone: [228] 21 77 17, 21 29 91 through 21 29 94
    FAX: [228] 21 79 52

    Flag description: five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)