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Swaziland Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland
    conventional short form: Swaziland

    Data code: WZ

    Government type: monarchy; independent member of Commonwealth

    Capital: Mbabane; note—Lobamba is the royal and legislative capital

    Administrative divisions: 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni

    Independence: 6 September 1968 (from UK)

    National holiday: Somhlolo (Independence) Day, 6 September (1968)

    Constitution: none; constitution of 6 September 1968 was suspended 12 April 1973; a new constitution was promulgated 13 October 1978, but was not formally presented to the people; since then a few more outlines for a constitution have been compiled but so far none have been accepted

    Legal system: based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: NA; note—no suffrage before September 1993; 55 of the 65 seats in the House of Assembly were filled by popular vote in the elections of September and October 1993; of a population of less than 1 million, the electorate numbered 283,693

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)
    head of government: Prime Minister Sibusiso Barnabas DLAMINI (since 9 August 1996)
    cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

    Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Libandla, an advisory body, consists of the Senate (20 seats—10 appointed by the House of Assembly and 10 appointed by the monarch; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats—10 appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; members serve five-year terms)
    elections: House of Assembly—last held NA September and NA October 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)
    election results: House of Assembly—balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round

    Judicial branch: High Court, judges are appointed by the monarch; Court of Appeal, judges are appointed by the monarch

    Political parties and leaders:
    note: political parties are banned by the constitution promulgated on 13 October 1978; illegal parties are prohibited from holding large public gatherings
    illegal parties: People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU]; Swaziland Youth Congress or SWAYOCO (included in PUDEMO); Swaziland Communist Party or SWACOPA [Mphandlana SHONGWE]; Swaziland Liberation Front or FROLISA [leader NA]; Convention for Full Democracy in Swaziland or COFUDESWA [Sabelo DLAMINI]; Swaziland National Front or SWANAFRO [leader NA]; Ngwane Socialist Revolutionary Party or NGWASOREP [leader NA]; Swaziland Democratic Alliance (represents key opposition parties) [Jerry NXUMALO]; Swaziland Federation of Trade Unions or SFTU [Jan SITHOLE]

    International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Mary Madzandza KANYA
    chancery: Suite 3M, 3400 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 362-6683
    FAX: [1] (202) 244-8059

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Alan R. McKEE
    embassy: Central Bank Building, Warner Street, Mbabane
    mailing address: P. O. Box 199, Mbabane
    telephone: [268] 404-6441 through 404-6445
    FAX: [268] 404-5959

    Flag description: three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)