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Serbia and Montenegro Geography

    Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 21 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 102,350 sq km (Serbia 88,412 sq km; Montenegro 13,938 sq km)
    land: 102,136 sq km (Serbia 88,412 sq km; Montenegro 13,724 sq km)
    water: 214 sq km (Serbia 0 sq km; Montenegro 214 sq km)

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Kentucky (Serbia is slightly larger than Maine; Montenegro is slightly smaller than Connecticut)

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,246 km
    border countries: Albania 287 km (114 km with Serbia, 173 km with Montenegro), Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km (312 km with Serbia, 215 km with Montenegro), Bulgaria 318 km (with Serbia), Croatia (north) 241 km (with Serbia), Croatia (south) 25 km (with Montenegro), Hungary 151 km (with Serbia), The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 221 km (with Serbia), Romania 476 km (with Serbia)
    note: the internal boundary between Montenegro and Serbia is 211 km

    Coastline: 199 km (Montenegro 199 km, Serbia 0 km)

    Maritime claims: NA

    Climate: in the north, continental climate (cold winter and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

    Terrain: extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Daravica 2,656 m

    Natural resources: oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: NA%

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)