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Romania People

    Population: 22,334,312 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 19% (male 2,117,289; female 2,027,940)
    15-64 years: 68% (male 7,563,695; female 7,663,491)
    65 years and over: 13% (male 1,234,760; female 1,727,137) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: -0.23% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 10.09 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 11.55 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: -0.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 18.12 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 70.83 years
    male: 67.05 years
    female: 74.81 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 1.27 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Romanian(s)
    adjective: Romanian

    Ethnic groups: Romanian 89.1%, Hungarian 8.9%, German 0.4%, Ukrainian, Serb, Croat, Russian, Turk, and Gypsy 1.6%

    Religions: Romanian Orthodox 70%, Roman Catholic 6% (of which 3% are Uniate), Protestant 6%, unaffiliated 18%

    Languages: Romanian, Hungarian, German

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 97%
    male: 98%
    female: 95% (1992 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)