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Nepal People

    Population: 24,302,653 (July 1999 est.)

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 41% (male 5,182,829; female 4,869,895)
    15-64 years: 55% (male 6,856,905; female 6,571,916)
    65 years and over: 4% (male 407,797; female 413,311) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.51% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 35.32 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 10.18 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 73.58 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 58.42 years
    male: 58.47 years
    female: 58.36 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 4.78 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Nepalese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Nepalese

    Ethnic groups: Newars, Indians, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Bhotias, Rais, Limbus, Sherpas

    Religions: Hindu 90%, Buddhist 5%, Muslim 3%, other 2% (1981)
    note: only official Hindu state in the world, although no sharp distinction between many Hindu and Buddhist groups

    Languages: Nepali (official), 20 other languages divided into numerous dialects

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 27.5%
    male: 40.9%
    female: 14% (1995 est.)

    People—note: refugee issue over the presence in Nepal of approximately 91,000 Bhutanese refugees, 90% of whom are in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)