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Greenland (part of the Kingdom of Denmark) Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Greenland
    local long form: none
    local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat

    Data code: GL

    Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979

    Government type: NA

    Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)

    Administrative divisions: 3 districts (landsdele); Avannaa (Nordgronland), Tunu (Ostgronland), Kitaa (Vestgronland)

    Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979)

    National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

    Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)

    Legal system: Danish

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Gunnar MARTENS (since NA 1995)
    head of government: Prime Minister Jonathan MOTZFELDT (since NA September 1997)
    cabinet: Landsstyre is formed from the Parliament on the basis of the strength of parties
    elections: the monarch is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; prime minister is elected by the Parliament (usually the leader of the majority party); election last held 11 March 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)
    election results: Jonathan MOTZFELDT reelected prime minister; percent of parliamentary vote—23 out of 31 votes

    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Landsting (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held on 17 February 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)
    election results: percent of vote by party—Siumut 35.2%, Inuit Ataqatigiit 22%, Atassut Party 25.2%, Candidates' League 12.3%; seats by party—Siumut 11, Atassut Party 8, Inuit Ataqatigiit 7, Candidates' League 4, independent 1
    note: 2 representatives were elected to the Danish Parliament or Folketing on NA March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2002); percent of vote by party—Siumut 35.6%, Atassut 35.2%; seats by party—Siumut 1, Atassut 1; Greenlandic representatives are affiliated with Danish political parties

    Judicial branch: High Court or Landsret

    Political parties and leaders: two-party ruling coalition; Siumut (Forward Party, a moderate socialist party that advocates more distinct Greenlandic identity and greater autonomy from Denmark) [Lars Emil JOHANSEN, chairman]; Inuit Ataqatigiit or IA (Eskimo Brotherhood, a Marxist-Leninist party that favors complete independence from Denmark rather than home rule) [Josef MOTZFELDT]; Atassut Party (Solidarity, a more conservative party that favors continuing close relations with Denmark) [Daniel SKIFTE]; Akulliit Party [Bjarne KREUTZMANN]; Issituup (Polar Party) [Nicolai HEINRICH]; Candidates' League [leader NA]

    International organization participation: NC, NIB

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)

    Diplomatic representation from the US: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)

    Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center—the top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)