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Bhutan People

    Population: 1,951,965 (July 1999 est.)
    note: other estimates range as low as 600,000

    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 40% (male 405,745; female 376,738)
    15-64 years: 56% (male 561,754; female 530,420)
    65 years and over: 4% (male 39,251; female 38,057) (1999 est.)

    Population growth rate: 2.25% (1999 est.)

    Birth rate: 36.76 births/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Death rate: 14.26 deaths/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1999 est.)

    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
    total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (1999 est.)

    Infant mortality rate: 109.33 deaths/1,000 live births (1999 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 52.75 years
    male: 53.19 years
    female: 52.29 years (1999 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 5.16 children born/woman (1999 est.)

    Nationality:
    noun: Bhutanese (singular and plural)
    adjective: Bhutanese

    Ethnic groups: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35%, indigenous or migrant tribes 15%

    Religions: Lamaistic Buddhism 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%

    Languages: Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects

    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 42.2%
    male: 56.2%
    female: 28.1% (1995 est.)

    People—note: refugee issue over the presence in Nepal of approximately 91,000 Bhutanese refugees, 90% of whom are in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)